Iran’s referendum on the future of the Islamic Republic

The doctors risking it all to treat Iran’s protesters are in for a huge shock this week.

The nation will descend on the capital on Wednesday to vote in a historic referendum to decide the country’s future.

But they might have to make an emergency trip to the US if they vote to re-install a supreme leader.

A poll released on Tuesday by the Arab-nation’s Alarabiya news agency showed that 55 per cent of Iranians are opposed to the re-establishment of a hard-line figurehead, who would have been the second-most powerful figure in the country since the 1979 Islamic revolution, behind the country’s supreme leader.

With one million protesters in the country’s largest cities, and about half of those now in jail, Iranian politics has suddenly turned extremely tense.

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Referendum: Voters in Iran are due to vote on a proposed reform to the Constitution in a landmark vote on Wednesday

Predictable: Voter turnout is at a record high in the nation, with more than 55 per cent of those eligible to cast their vote heading to the polls

Lethal: A protester, pictured in 2014, is believed to have died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the back of the head in connection with the protests

The new supreme leader will be voted in by members of parliament on April 16, according to the Associated Press.

A second referendum is also planned to approve the country’s landmark nuclear deal with world powers.

In the US, where the White House is holding its own national holiday marking Martin Luther King Jr., the prospect that the vote is being held on a day when it is expected to be busy is a major reason that Iranians are likely to head to the polls.

A second opinion poll on Tuesday showed that President Hassan Rouhani’s re-election to head the Islamic republic was on track to win by more than 1.5 million votes.

A third poll, also released on Tuesday, showed that nearly 60 per cent of Iranians said they did not want the re

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